Saturday, April 20, 2013

Porsche 911 Carrera Cabriolet, 2013

  • Porsche 911 Carrera Cabriolet, 2013

The sky's the limit now for driving fun with the new Porsche 911 Carrera Cabriolet which follows the Coupé introducing the superior attributes of the new generation 911 in the open-top sports car market segment. What the Coupé began with the new aluminium-steel body, the Cabriolet continues with the all-new, unique hood: intelligent lightweight design, even including the use of magnesium in the hood, ensures less weight and more sportiness, lower fuel consumption and greater comfort.

At the same time, the new convertible top technology enables the typical 911 roof line to be retained in full for the first time: even with the top closed, the Cabriolet reveals the unmistakable 911 silhouette - never before were Cabrio and Coupé so similar.

Each of the two new Cabriolets has the same engine as its Porsche 911 Carrera Coupé equivalent:
  •     Porsche 911 Carrera Cabriolet - 3.4-litre boxer engine with 350 hp (257 kW); rear-wheel drive, seven-speed manual transmission, optional seven-speed Porsche-Doppelkupplungsgetriebe (PDK); acceleration zero - 100 km/h in 5.0 seconds, with PDK in 4.8 seconds (4.6 seconds with Sport Chrono Package); top speed 286 km/h, with PDK 284 km/h; fuel consumption (NEDC) 9.2 l/100 km, CO2 217 g/km; with PDK 8.4 l/100 km CO2 198 g/km.
  •     Porsche 911 Carrera S Cabriolet - 3.8-litre boxer engine with 400 hp (294 kW); rear-wheel drive, seven-speed manual transmission, optional seven-speed Porsche-Doppelkupplungsgetriebe (PDK); acceleration zero - 100 km/h in 4.7 seconds, with PDK in 4.5 seconds (4.3 seconds with Sport Chrono Package); top speed 301 km/h, with PDK 299 km/h; fuel consumption (NEDC) 9.7 l/100 km, CO2 229 g/km; with PDK 8.9 l/100 km CO2 210 g/km.

The new Cabriolets are the 911s with emotional appeal. With the top down, they convey a unique abundance of intense driving impressions between outstanding performance and calm comfort. This is based on the light, stiff body in conjunction with the long wheelbase. Reduced weight and a longer wheelbase compared with the predecessor generation are complemented by the wider front track and larger wheels. In terms of its performance, the new 911 Cabrio raises the bar not by an inch but by a yard. This is down to a precisely synchronised package of new and enhanced systems. Electro-mechanical power steering and, in the case of the Carrera S, Porsche Torque Vectoring with differential lock are featured as standard - in conjunction with PDK even regulated. If so desired, the new 911 Carrera ups the ante in driving dynamics terms with options such as PDCC roll stabilisation.

With the open-top 911s as well, Porsche has managed to reverse the weight spiral and make the new Cabrio models significantly lighter than their predecessors, by up to 60 kilograms depending on equipment. As a result, for the same engine output, the new 911 Carrera generation combines enhanced performance with significantly lower fuel consumption - in short "Porsche Intelligent Performance".

Innovative lightweight roof with Coupé characteristics
The attention-getter with the Porsche 911 Carrera Cabriolet is the unique and all-new panel bow top. Thanks to the innovative technology, it has been possible for the first time to achieve the previously unachievable Coupé-like roof curvature of the closed fabric top, which offers aerodynamic advantages into the bargain. Moreover, the weight of the entire top remains on a par with the predecessor model, notwithstanding the increased length and signifi cantly enhanced comfort. The top can be opened and closed in approximately 13 seconds respectively - as in the case of the predecessor up to a speed of 50 km/h. It is operated by means of a button on the centre console or, from the outside, by means of the remote control.

Porsche has traditionally set the highest standards for the 911 top. That is why the new folding roof as well - as with every previous 911 - is a completely standalone development. The first distinctive feature is apparent at a glance: the fabric roof is tensioned in an elegant arc from the front window frame to the convertible top compartment with styling that is almost identical to that of the Coupé. No roof bows are discernible under the fabric nor are there any sections that interrupt the flowing design. Even the heatable rear window is virtually flush-fitting thanks to a new technique and is integrated with the cover with only the most discreet of seams.

Porsche new development: lightweight magnesium panel bow top
Critical to this shape, previously unachievable with fabric tops, is the innovative design as a panel bow top. This entails the entire fabric top - with the exception of the side panels - being tensioned over a rigid roof surface comprising four directly abutting individual segments. The four elements are the front roof frame, two panel bows and the rear window, the frame of which is made of magnesium, like the other segments. A large proportion of the frame guides are also made of this very light material; only the lateral guides, the drive levers and the rear tension bow are of aluminium. All frame components are kinematically linked so that only one hydraulic cylinder is required on each side to move the top. When it comes to closing the top, Porsche relies on a refinement of the tried and tested, centrallylocated, electric central locking mechanism, which is supported by lateral centering pins.

The panel bows and top are not locked together so that the four magnesium segments can dovetail one on top of the other when the top is opening whereas the fabric top is stowed using the tried and tested Z-folding technique. Thanks to this unique concept, the roof package comprising the fabric top, roof frame, panel bows and rear window requires only minimal stowage space of approximately 23 centimetres in height and around 55 centimetres in length when in the open position. Whereas the front section of the top remains visible when the top is open, the sickle-shaped flap covers the rear section - as before. Unlike the predecessor model, this significantly enlarged convertible top compartment lid now extends as far as the spoiler. This does away with the need for a body joint, with the rear looking even more elegant as a consequence.

With the top closed, the occupants enjoy a level of climate and noise comfort that comes closer to that of the Coupé than ever before. For example, the exterior material is underlaid over its entire area with an insulating mat. On the inside, the roof segments are covered with dimensionally stable roof linings that convey a comfortable interior feeling. The side panels as well are entirely clad with fabric so that with the hood closed, no technical components are visible any longer. The headroom as well is also broadly the same as inside the Coupé.

New: fully integrated electric wind deflector
A further innovation in the Porsche 911 Carrera Cabriolet is the built-in electric wind deflector. That makes fitting and removal a thing of the past. The new wind deflector is attached to a U-shaped tensioning bracket, which is fully integrated into the rear area when retracted, thereby not encroaching on the available space on the rear seats. At the push of a button, this bracket deploys within two seconds, in the process unrolling a mesh that is tensioned at right angles by a second movable deflection bracket behind the front seat armrests. The wind deflector can be deployed up to a speed of 120 km/h. The effect is equivalent to that in the predecessor model, ensuring that draughts are eliminated to a very large extent and that wind noise is minimal when the top is open. A deployed wind deflector is automatically retracted when the top is closed.

Latest generation adaptive rear spoiler
The Porsche 911 Carrera Cabriolet adopted the Coupé's variable spoiler concept albeit with modified parameters. With the top closed, the spoiler settings are the same as those of the Coupé, as the new top generates an almost identical airflow. Unlike when the top is open, in which case the spoiler assumes specifically developed positions. Depending on the vehicle configuration, the spoiler also extends to different heights and at different angles. Additionally, a flow element located on the leading edge of the spoiler is controlled by means of a special pivoting kinematic mechanism, ensuring optimal airflow over the spoiler blade. The spoiler is extended automatically at 120 km/h and retracted at 80 km/h but can also be extended below these speed limits at the push of a button.

cd = 0.30: Cabriolet with exemplary aerodynamics
The basic building blocks of the aerodynamic concept for the Porsche 911 Carrera Cabriolet are the streamlined surface of the body, the new top, the variable rear spoiler and the cooling system, which requires no large air intakes on the underside of the vehicle and therefore makes possible a largely smooth vehicle floor. Optimised air intake and air outlet cross sections also improve the guidance of the cooling air so that despite the cooling system that has been upgraded to cope with the enhanced engine and braking performance, the Porsche 911 Carrera Cabriolet's exemplary cd of 0.30 - with the top closed - remains unchanged.

Open-top lightweight 911 with new design language
The Porsche 911 Carrera Cabriolet's design echoes its predecessor's styling while developing an entirely new design language: thanks to a longer wheelbase combined with shorter overhangs, the vehicle makes a compact, made to measure impression. A vehicle height reduced by a further four millimetres (three millimetres in the case of the 911 Carrera S) compared with the 911 Carrera Coupé strikes a distinctly sporty tone in outward appearance. As a result of the 52 millimetre wider front track compared with the predecessor, the Porsche 911 Carrera Cabriolet has an even more solid stance on the road. The vehicle's 61 millimetre greater width at the front creates an even more harmonious vehicle silhouette. Larger air intakes underneath the redeveloped front lights emphasise the striking appearance. Together with the new Bi-Xenon headlights, they give the Porsche 911 Carrera Cabriolet a distinctive face.

The rear end echoes the sporty looks of the car's front end. It is characterised in particular by the new wider rear spoiler below the engine lid air intakes. The outer edge of the lid is part of the continuous design edge, which cleverly emphasises the vehicle's width. The compact dimensions of the redeveloped top system when stowed enabled the space above the engine to be used to best effect. The result: an elegantly flat and harmonious rear section.

Body: even stiffer and up to 60 kilograms lighter
The innovative lightweight body of the 911 Carrera family was redesigned from the ground up for Coupé and Cabriolet alike. That means that the open-top 911 and fixed-roof model share both the weight advantages of the aluminium-steel body and the significantly improved rigidity, complemented by local reinforcement elements. A continuous side impact support strut made of square ultra high-strength steel is fitted between the B-pillars. The side panel is also reinforced with ultra high-strength components, for example in the form of door sill reinforcements and reinforcement pits as well as stabilising components in the A and B-pillars. It was possible to improve dynamic torsional rigidity, which has a critical influence on comfort, by 18 per cent in the Porsche 911 Carrera Cabriolet models.

The underlying idea of the intelligent lightweight design concept is using the right material in the right place. Notwithstanding the Porsche 911 Carrera Cabriolet's increased dimensions, all the measures as a whole were able to deliver significant weight reductions compared with the predecessor models.

New roll-over protection system also increases rigidity
Less weight and greater rigidity compared with the predecessor generation means greater safety in addition to further improvements in driving dynamics and efficiency. Here too the open top 911 Carrera continues to be exemplary. For example, the automatic roll-over protection system was completely redesigned based on the tried and tested system. Whereas previously individual roll hoops were screwed onto an aluminium subframe, the new open top 911 features a compact, self-supporting gantry made of welded and high-strength aluminium profiles. This made it possible to reduce both space and weight requirements. Because of its high component rigidity, the supporting frame is also used to strengthen the body. It contributes to torsional rigidity by means of diagonal struts extending to the B-pillar and the convertible top stowage compartment.

In the event of an impending rollover, two newly developed sections located behind the rear seats are deployed by means of a pyrotechnically actuated spring mechanism. If the top is in the closed position, a carbide metal pin on each of the two roll hoops penetrates the safety glass of the rear window. Accidental triggering is practically impossible because sensing and actuation and constant monitoring is provided by the highly accurate airbag control device with built-in rollover sensor.

High degree of passenger protection for all types of accident
In the event of a crash in a longitudinal or lateral direction, the external forces are spread across longitudinal and lateral beams in the front and rear of the car in a predefined way. Ultra high-strength steels are used to ensure high rigidity, optimal deformability and energy absorption. They surround the passenger cell like a cage and by their extreme dimensio nal stability contribute critically to preserving the interior and thus to passenger protection. It goes without saying that as a result of the coordinated deformation behaviour of the aluminium luggage compartment lid and wings and of the aluminium-steel hinges, the intelligent lightweight design also complies with the ever more stringent global requirements as regards pedestrian protection.

The exemplary passenger protection in the Porsche 911 Carrera Cabriolet is complemented on the front seats by two-stage full-size airbags, head airbags built into the door panels (POSIP) and thorax side airbags as well as Isofix/top tether anchors on the rear seats. An Isofix system for attaching child seats on the front passenger seat is available as an option.

Porsche Intelligent Performance: more power, exemplary low fuel consumption
The production models of the open-top 911 traditionally have the same engines as the Coupés. This has not changed with the new generation. But in return the differences with the predecessor models have become all the greater: developed in accordance with the principle of Porsche Intelligent Performance, fuel consumption fell and output increased. Courtesy of enhancements within the engine itself, accompanied by the new functions thermal management, on-board electrical system recuperation and auto start/stop function, the new models are up to 15 per cent more economical and up to 15 hp more powerful. In short: even as a Cabriolet, the 911 Carrera remains, by an even greater margin, the benchmark for efficient performance among premium sports cars.

The previous engines and transmissions were an outstanding starting point for these efficiency-raising concepts. Porsche's first venture into downsizing within a model range was the flat-six engine in the 911 Carrera, reducing the piston stroke by four millimetres with the total displacement falling from 3.6 to 3.4 litres. The dimensions of the 3.8-litre six-cylinder engine in the Carrera S remained unchanged.

Both engines feature direct fuel injection, variable intake valve timing and valve lift switching (VarioCam Plus) and breathe through an especially flow-optimised and thus efficiency-enhanced intake manifold. The air filter as well has been optimised to offer less flow resistance. In the 3.8-litre six-cylinder engine of the 911 Carrera S, a controlled resonance flap further improves the charge level, thus providing high torque at low revs and an even torque curve.

The transmissions: seven speeds for dynamics and efficiency
The strategy for more efficient performance is continued with two transmissions combining uncompromising sportiness with fuel-economising, long gear ratios: the world's first sevengear manual transmission in a passenger vehicle and the Porsche Doppelkupplungsgetriebe (PDK), also with seven gears. Drivers of the manual transmission 911 Carrera as well can now sample the delights of the fuel consumption benefits for which the PDK is renowned: up to 19 per cent lower revs for the same speed and thus up to ten per cent lower fuel consumption at constant speed. A peculiarity of the new manual transmission is the shift gate lock to the seventh gear. It prevents the driver from unintentionally getting into the shift gate slot for the seventh gear during sporty driving, when he fast upchanges from fourth to fifth gear.

Intelligent efficiency: electrical system recuperation, thermal management, coasting
To increase efficiency, the boxer engines feature electrical system recuperation and mapcontrolled cooling water thermal management. In terms of electrical system recuperation, the battery is primarily charged during the braking or coasting phases. Reducing the generator charging current with a full battery in turn reduces the load on the combustion engine in acceleration phases as the combustion engine does not have to sacrifice so much power for charging the battery. Thanks to the intelligently managed cooling system shared by both engine and transmission, both of them reach their operating temperatures more quickly, meaning better combustion under partial load with less friction. The aforementioned measures alone reduce fuel consumption measured by the NEDC by 0.45 l/100 km. But it doesn't stop there: Porsche is introducing the auto start/stop function for all transmission variants in the new 911 Carrera generation - including for the manual transmission. The occasional short interruptions are having a big effect: the automatic engine cut-off when the vehicle is stationary is saving 0.6 litres of fuel for each 100 kilometres driven based on the NEDC.

The principle of only drawing on engine power when it is actually needed has resulted in a new sports car function in the new 911 Carrera with PDK transmission: coasting. In principle, coasting is nothing other than the car rolling along without power, and as a result you can achieve fuel consumption for a limited distance equivalent to when the engine is idling. In practice that means fuel savings of up to one litre per 100 kilometres with a forward-thinking driving style in everyday driving. Coasting is initiated by slowly taking one's foot off the accelerator or by manually changing up if the highest gear is already engaged. Coasting is ended by accelerating, braking or by manually changing gear. Coasting is better for fuel consumption because it enables the vehicle to harness its kinetic energy and convert it into distance covered.

Sound Symposer for even more intense acoustic driving fun
The new Porsche 911 Carrera generation offers the driver even sportier driving pleasure, sound-wise as well. And that not just with the top down: the Sound Symposer, featured as standard in both models, ensures an even meatier and sportier engine sound in the interior and is controlled by means of the Sport button, featured as standard.

The Sound Symposer is a passive system, creating not an artificial engine sound but directing the new boxer engines' distinctive sound into the vehicle interior at the push of a button. This is done by an acoustic channel picking up the intake vibrations between the throttle valve and air filter. The acoustic channel incorporates a membrane that transmits the vibrations into the interior in the area of the rear window shelf. A controllable valve located in front of the membrane enables the Sound Symposer to be activated or deactivated by means of the sport button, as the driver wishes.
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Friday, April 19, 2013

PGO Speedster II, 2011

  •  PGO Speedster II, 2011

Perfect balance between tradition and modernity, the PGO Speedster II is a neo-retro style twoseater roadster with centrally mounted engine. By adopting its elegant sobriety, its driver indicates its penchant for cars with timeless classicism.

With its modern design, rigid and light, you will discover the handling precision of a roadster initially designed as such. The PGO Speedster II is an invitation to travelling with complete freedom and safety.

Its designers wanted to recreate a vehicle that provides emotions and pleasure. This has been achieved, and this dream becomes a reality as soon as you slip into the passenger compartment of the PGO Speedster II. The sensual tradition of the leather trim and the modernity of the aluminium door sills, pedals or gearshift lever knob create a unique harmony. Every time you drive, you will rediscover forgotten sensations. The pleasure of driving an authentic and unique car.

Technical Specifications
        Position: transverse mid engine
        Number of cylinders: 4 aligned
        Cubic capacity: 1997 cm3
        Bore x stroke: 85 x 88 mm
        Number of valves: 16 (twin overhead camshaft)
        Maximum power: 103 kW (140 PS; 138 hp) @ 6000 rpm
        Maximum torque: 195 Nm @ 3000 rpm
        Compression level: 10.8:1

        Gear box: manual, 5 speed + reverse (automatic gear box 4 speed in option)

    Frame and body
        Frame: multi-tubular and crash test structure
        Body: composite moulded bodyshell
        Suspension: Mc Pherson system
        Brakes: 4 ventilated discs
        Wheels: 7x17 alloy wheels
        Tyres size: 205/40 ZR 17
        Steering: assisted rack-and-pinion
        Turning circle between kerbs: 9,40 m

    Weight and dimensions
        Kerb weight: 980 Kg
        Fuel tank capacity: 42 litres
        Trunk capacity: 110 dm3
        Length: 3846 mm
        Width: 1735 mm
        Height: 1320 mm
        Wheelbase: 2261 mm
        Front / rear track: 1440 mm / 1430 mm

    Performance and consumption
        Maximum speed on track: 215 km/h
        Acceleration 0-100 km/h: less than 7 seconds
        Fuel consumption (According to EEC directive 80/1268 modified 004/100/CE)
            Manual gear box
                Urban: 11.0 l/100km
                Extra urban: 6.5 l/100km
                Combined cycle: 8.2 l/100km
            Automatic gear box
                Urban: 11.5 l/100km
                Extra urban: 6.6 l/100km
                Combined cycle: 8.4 l/100km
        CO2 emission (according to EEC directive 80/1268 modified 2004/3/CE)
        Manual gear box: 185g/km
        Automatic gear box: 199g/km

  • Leather interior trim: seats, inside of doors, dash-board and control lever
  • Air conditioning
  • Radio CD/MP3, 2 FOCAL loudspeakers
  • Analogical instrumentation, retro enlightened, 8 meters (speedometer, RPM indicator, fuel gauge, water temperature gauge, oil pressure gauge, oil temperature gauge, voltmeter, clock)
  • Electrically operated side windows
  • Heated windscreen
  • Remote control central locking
  • Electrically operated outside mirrors
  • Leather trimmed steering wheel
  • Height adjustable steering column
  • Aluminium trimmed gear knob and pedals
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Thursday, April 18, 2013

Peugeot 508 RXH, 2013

  • Peugeot 508 RXH, 2013

The Peugeot 508 RXH represents the new, up market positioned Peugeot. It sees the launch of an identity that combines the traditional designation of Peugeot models, incorporating the central zero, and three letters that characterise the Marques specialist vehicles. The new model both heads up and extends the 508 range, with an original design silhouette, justifying its exclusive designation - RXH.

A distinctive appeal
The Peugeot 508 RXH styling has its own distinctive character within the 508 range. Its elegance and style place it immediately in an exclusive world that combines premium-positioning, technology with the ability to experience adventure and promises of a new and unparalleled driving experience.

With a 40 mm wider track and its height increased by 50 mm, the new Peugeot has an individual stance, without sacrificing the characteristics of the 508 range - poise, elegance and status. The use of new, 18" forged wheel rims allowed designers to create a very fine wheel design with an internal diameter increased by 10 mm in comparison with conventional wheel rims. The result is a dynamic and elegantly enhanced body style.

Its adventurous side profile is illustrated through the bodywork extensions in satin stealth grey that envelope the lower body of the car. From the bottom of the front bumper, the line extends over the wheel arches, along the sill panels to meet the rear bumper. The choice of the satin trim finishers contribute to position this estate car within a refined world, as do the satin chrome inserts, with 'HYbrid4' badging, that adorns the sill panel, and front and rear protective trims. Fully integrated, they reflect the integrity applied to the cohesive design of the Peugeot 508 RXH.

The individual personality is more striking at the front end, which has become even more expressive while maintaining the strength of the brand's new style aesthetics. Accompanying a wider and taller body silhouette, the grille is extended on its lower edge. More strikingly, the new grille accentuates the illusion that it is 'floating' within the aperture. To achieve this, designers have taken influence from aviation reference points, notably taking inspiration from aircraft jet engine cowls. The air therefore seems to be well-channelled around the grille, which stands out distinctly from the bonnet line.

Its distinctive style lines give the Peugeot 508 RXH a very individual visual identity. It is the first Peugeot to use the iconic theme of the 'claw' on the front. Its LED daytime running lights illuminate to form three 'lion claws', instantly recognisable by day and by night to reinforce the characteristic 'feline' appearance of the head lamps. This unique and dynamic signature is complemented with the illumination of seven orange LEDs, from within the LED tube that is an original directional indicator function.

Like the 508 SW, the lines flow together in a harmonious and dynamic manner, falling back to a rear that is well seated on its haunches. The extensive panoramic glass roof has the benefit of being a continuation of the windscreen, with the profiled aluminium roof bars merging with the bodywork to enhance the exclusivity of the car. In this spirit, there are flush surfaces, highlighted by its high build quality finish. At the rear, the lights portray an elegant red band that glows brightly when the lights are on.

Refined interior styling and technology
The styling of the dashboard is centred heavily around the qualities evoked by the exterior design of the vehicle, with continued illustrations of high quality, purity, elegance, etc. Its design supports a multiplex centre console with switchgear that is equipped with technology designed to provide easy control to a host of features.

This purity and simplicity of design and integration is best demonstrated on the HYbrid4 drive mode selection knob and the gear selector lever. It has the design that combines the traditional gear selector lever and a computer mouse called the 'manettino' - it fits perfectly into this pure and technological environment.

White backlighting is available throughout the Peugeot 508 RXH interior (on the instrument panel, displays and the various lighting zones within the car), showing great care in detail and finish. It is this and the attention to detail that illustrates the hallmarks of the latest Peugeot range.

The car's internal trim and decor have been created in harmony, evoking elegance without ostentation. The use of natural materials and colours, sometimes exclusively, enhance the distinctive character of the 508 RXH. Brushed aluminium and shaded lacquers are used on the dashboard for the first time in this way. A spectacular treatment in keeping with the electricity supplied by HYbrid4 technology, this decor is specified in tinted shades of copper. This theme, again unprecedented, is subtly continued throughout the interior with matching trim stitching in this copper shade. The exterior is also themed with a copper colour theme through the colouring of the lock tumblers in Calern Brown, a shade exclusive to the Peugeot 508 RXH.

The choice of light-coloured alcantara leather and an innovative laser-printed fabric creates a two-tone upholstery that reinforces the refined image of the car. Depending on preference, the customer may opt for full leather or half-leather upholstery.

A generously-proportioned, high-quality boot
In keeping with the vehicle's interior, the boot of the Peugeot 508 RXH has been fitted out with care, using materials that continue to reflect a high level of quality with the materials specified. The aluminium rails and four solid chrome hooks elegantly decorate the functional boot floor, while a loading sill guard in the same material offers protection for the rugged 'adventurer' potential of this new Peugeot.

The Peugeot 508 RXH boot has a capacity of 423 litres beneath the parcel shelf (or 400 dm3 in accordance with the VDA 210 standard). Its rectangular shape, with motorised tailgate and the storage compartments located under the flat floor (11 litres) make it easy to use. It is also possible to compartmentalise the boot using partition bars available as accessories, which attach to the aluminium rails inside the boot.

Finally, the loading volume can be increased easily by folding the 1/3 - 2/3 split rear bench seat in a single movement.

Enhancement through technological equipment
The Peugeot 508 RXH is offered in a single trim finish, generously-equipped, in accordance with its distinctive high-end positioning. All of the high-tech equipment available either as standard or as an option accentuates its exclusive character: 'Open and Go' Stop Start, Colour Head Up Display (that includes the display of the navigation system information), main beam head lamps assistance, automatic electric parking brake, new telematics, JBL hi-fi stereo, Peugeot Connect SOS and Assistance, Xenon lights, etc.

A high level of comfort
Quality of comfort aboard the Peugeot 508 RXH has been the focus of particular care to ensure that each passenger can benefit from individual treatment. In addition to the generous space given to each seat, notably in the rear with excellent leg room and the panoramic glass roof, dedicated equipment allows everyone to have a high-level of comfort: with quad-zone air conditioning, driver's seat electric lumbar massage, electrically-adjustable driver and passenger seats with adjustable cushion edge and laminated acoustic rear side windows for road noise reduction, etc.

Benchmark for road handling
The suspension and wheel design also contribute to onboard comfort: with a Pseudo-McPherson type front axle and specific HYbrid4 technology, modular multi-arm rear axle. While cleverly incorporating the hybrid architecture and taking into account a new weight distribution, the Peugeot engineers have retained the recognised dynamic characteristics of the 508 range with an excellent synthesis of suspension comfort, light steering and good handling. The Peugeot 508 RXH is one of the latest generation of vehicles that expresses driving pleasure, due to its Peugeot chassis 'genetics' and full diesel hybrid technology.

HYbrid4 technology: A logical combination
Offering the Peugeot 508 RXH with a HYbrid4 technology powertrain that combines diesel and electric motors, is a logical choice primarily because it provides a level of functionality that is perfectly matched to the various customer expectations in this segment:
  • High performance combined with first-rate handling;
  • Freedom to travel on all roads with confidence, with all-wheel drive;
  • Ease of use with four unique drive modes available (Zero Emission Vehicle, 4WD, Sport, Auto) and battery charging which is carried out automatically;
  • Quiet operation, with the ability to drive in the all-electric (ZEV) mode.

The next generation enhances driving emotion
HYbrid4 technology also opens up new perspectives in the segment with a breakthrough in improved fuel consumption - 67.2 mpg and CO2 emissions of less than 109 g/km in the Combined Drive Cycle with a completely silent electric mode with zero emissions; ideal for driving around town efficiently.

In terms of performance, Peugeot 508 RXH benefits from the efficiency and power of its internal combustion engine combined with the electric motor during acceleration phases for an immediate increase in power (the 'boost' function maximises performance and available power in the Sport mode). The maximum combined power can reach 147 kW (200bhp) by combining the 120 kW (163 bhp) from the 2.0 l HDi FAP diesel engine and the 'on-demand' peak power of the 27 kW (37 bhp) electric motor. Up to 300 Nm of torque is delivered to the front wheels by the HDi diesel unit and up to 200 Nm to the rear wheels with the electric motor. The maximum combined value however is 450 Nm at lower road speeds, which guarantees excellent traction in most driving conditions including low-grip surfaces like snow and dirt roads, providing customers of this all-wheel drive estate car to comfortably go much further than ever before.

A car manufactured in France
The Peugeot 508 RXH is manufactured in Rennes, with the modular hybrid rear drive axle being assembled and supplied from Mulhouse, and is scheduled for UK release in spring 2012.

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Wednesday, April 17, 2013

Opel Mokka, 2013

  •  Opel Mokka, 2013

The all-new Opel Mokka has captured the hearts of its customers. During the first 4 months that it has been available more than 40,000 orders were received for the SUV throughout Europe. Demand has been particularly strong in Germany, the United Kingdom, Italy, France and Russia. With the Mokka Opel is the first German manufacturer to enter the rapidly growing segment of sub-compact Sports Utility Vehicles (SUV-B segment). The 1.6 liter ecoFLEX entry level Opel Mokka variant with 85 kw/115 hp can be ordered from 18,990 euro (Germany, including VAT). In addition, a turbocharged gasoline unit offering 103 kW/140 hp of output and a diesel 1.7 liter engine variant with 96 kW/130 hp are included in the Mokka's powertrain line-up.

"Now that we have the Mokka, a new chapter in our product offensive has begun. Our successful order intake shows that the Mokka is spot on. Its technologies, dynamic and bold design appeals to the taste of our customers. It sets new standards in its segment," says Opel Vice President, Sales, Marketing and Aftersales, Alfred E. Rieck.

Despite its 4.28 meter measurement, the Opel Mokka generously accommodates five people in a commanding position. It also delivers on Opel's promise to combine attractive design with innovative technologies and upmarket functionalities, making them accessible to a wider segment of customers. Furthermore, the Opel Mokka introduces ergonomic seating for the first time to the sub-compact SUV market as well as adaptive forward lighting (AFL+) and the integrated FlexFix bike carrier. Drive and comfort enhancing features and technologies include the Electronic Stability Control (ESC), and across all Mokka versions the Traction Control (TC) as well as the Hill Start Assist (HSA) and Hill Descent Control (HDC) systems. Apart from front-wheel drive (FWD), the Mokka can be fitted with an intelligent all-wheel drive (AWD). The optional AWD technology recognizes automatically when traction is needed on all four wheels and ensures that it is provided at a maximum level when necessary.

Front or All-Wheel Drive: dynamic driving for active lifestyles
The Opel Mokka blends functionality and a comfortable, high seating position with a flavor of adventure. One of the main focal points of the Mokka's development was the chassis which was designed and fine-tuned in Germany. The Mokka chassis has been tailored to the daily needs of European customers and is also very suitable for off-road conditions.

Apart from front-wheel drive (FWD), the Opel Mokka can be fitted with an all-wheel drive (AWD) technology for better traction and handling. The AWD technology is efficient, clever and affordable. The main components of the AWD system are the front axle differential, the cardan shaft, the 4x4 rear axle drive and the control module as well as the electro­ magnetic multi-plate clutch. In addition sensors constantly supply the control modules with data. When the road surface is dry, the front wheels drive the vehicle forward which means that fuel consumption is kept low. Depending on the road conditions the range varies from 100 percent front-wheel drive to a maximum distribution of torque of 50 percent on the front and rear axle, for example when the roads are covered in a thick film of water. When requires it, the electronic torque transfer device (TTD) automatically and seamlessly sends torque to the rear wheels. The AWD system further sharpens the already agile handling characteristics of the Mokka. This especially noticeable when the car has to take off quickly or negotiates corners at higher speeds. It is activated automatically within a fraction of a second as soon as there is wheel slip due to a lack of traction. The system also realizes when no AWD is required. It offers even better handling performance in bends and provides maximum traction in those situations. The AWD system with all its components only weighs 65 kilograms so that the car remains efficient and environmentally friendly.

The Mokka chassis ensures maximum ride comfort and handling performance, even in difficult road conditions. To achieve this Opel engineers further developed tried and tested MacPerson struts on the front axle. Side load springs were added to compensate the lateral forces. Dual path strut mounts, strong stabilizers and double bonded handling bushings were also applied to improve handing and performance on the road as well as noise and vibration reduction. On the rear suspension, the Opel engineering team included a U-section tubular shaped torsion beam ahead of the wheels.

In addition, to get the most out of the vehicle chassis, the Opel engineers opted for state of the art Electric Power Steering (EPS) which is standard kit throughout Europe and provides more speed sensitive steering assist with great responsiveness.

Agile and efficient - two gasoline and one diesel engine
Power is provided by three efficient engines. All manual transmissions are equipped with the fuel saving Opel Start/Stop system. The gasoline offer comprises an 85 kW/115 hp, 1.6 liter naturally-aspirated engine with 155 Nm torque that uses 6.5 liters of fuel on 100 kilometers and emits 153 g/km CO2 and a 103 kW/140 hp 1.4 l Turbo with 200 Nm of torque. The 1.4 Turbo will initially be available with the same manual transmission but later on also with automatic transmission. The manual six-speed 4x4 turbocharged Opel Mokka reaches a top speed of 190 km/h. Acceleration from zero to 100 km/h can be achieved in 9.9 seconds. The fuel consumption in the combined cycle is 6.4 l/100 km, equivalent to 149 g/km CO2.

Customers who prefer diesel engines can order the Mokka with a 1.7 liter turbocharged CDTI unit with 96 kW/I30 hp and maximum torque of 300 Nm. This engine unit is available with six-speed manual plus front or all-wheel drive, or as a six-speed automatic with front­ wheel drive. As an FWD with a manual gear box the diesel unit only needs 4.5 liters of fuel in the combined cycle per 100 kilometers. This is equivalent to 120 g/km CO2. The 1.7 CDTI is thus one of the most fuel efficient vehicles of its segment. The performance figures speak for themselves: with a six-speed manual gear box and front-wheel drive the Mokka achieves a top speed of 187 km/h. A sprint from standstill to 100 km/h only takes 10.5 seconds.

Key driving assistance systems with exclusive safety and comfort features

With the all-new Opel Mokka SUV, Opel is for the first time bringing its wealth of unique, German-engineered driving assistance systems to the sub-compact SUV segment. Technologies that enhance both safety and comfort and are exclusive to Opel are now being made available to a wider segment of customers. They include sophisticated Electronic Stability Program (ESP®Plus) with Hill Start Assist (HSA) and Hill Descent Control (HDC) for a more comfortable drive in hill terrain. The traction control which is standard across all Mokka versions acts like a limited slip differential. It prevents wheel spin and supports the all-wheel drive system of the Mokka with special algorithms to enhance the car's handling.

Another key driver assistance system that is available in the Mokka is Opel's Adaptive Forward Lighting (AFL+) which is based on third generation bi-xenon headlamps. It adapts its intensity and range for best possible illumination of urban and country roads as well as highways. Its functions include adverse weather light, increased high beam, static bending light, dynamic bending light, daytime running light with LED and High Beam Assist. The latter adjusts the high beams automatically so that following or oncoming traffic is not dazzled.

The second generation Opel Eye front camera provides the basis for the Forward Collision Alert (FCA), Traffic Sign Recognition and Lane Departure Warning (LDW). The Forward Collision Alert (FCA) warns the driver with a loud alarm as well as a visual warning if a collision with the preceding vehicle is imminent. Apart from the Lane Departure Warning that alerts drivers when they unintentionally stray out of their lane, engineers also further developed the Traffic Sign Recognition system. Apart from round road signs that new front camera now also recognizes rectangular signs for motorways or play areas on street as well as any other speed-related restrictions. The camera can also pick up dynamic LED displays. In that respect it helps to prevent contraventions of road traffic regulations or accidents caused by tiredness. Parking is now made easier thanks to a rear view camera with its parking sensors at the front and the rear.

Healthy and comfortable: ergonomic AGR seats and FlexFix bike carrier system
The Opel Mokka can be equipped with ergonomic seats that have been certified by the independent healthy back experts AGR ("Aktion Gesunder Rücken e.V."). The 8-way adjustable driver seat is the first time AGR has approved a seat in the SUV-B segment with its seal. The seat had to meet a list of ten criteria including four-way lordosis support and that the seatback contours had to adapt exactly to the natural curvature of the spine. In addition, the ergonomic seat offers many additional adjustments such as tilting, extra lumbar support and thigh extension. The head-rests are four-way adjustable.

The loading capacity of the Opel Mokka can be expanded with the second generation FlexFix bike carrier system. The optionally available enhanced storage system exclusive to Opel is integrated in the rear bumper of the vehicle and is always on board. The standard version of the FlexFix system when mounted on the Mokka is geared towards carrying one bicycle of up to 30 kg. Thanks to a clip-on adaptor a further two bicycles can be transported which increases the total load capacity up to 60 kilograms. Even when fully loaded, the FlexFix system can be tilted so that the tailgate of the vehicle can be opened easily, providing quick access to the Mokka's luggage compartment. In addition, the rear bench of the Opel Mokka can be folded down in a 60-40 ratio so that an additional flat loading bay area is created. With all of these elements the Mokka is the perfect solution for people with active lifestyles and high standards.

Bold SUV design combined with refined functionality
The new Opel SUV reflects the traditional strengths of the brand: driving dynamics, flexibility for everyday life and emotional design. With the Mokka, Opel's design philosophy of blending "sculptural artistry with German precision" finds a new expression in a compact SUV. The Opel Mokka displays a bold attitude with sculpted and elegant traits while retaining a sporty edge with muscular and athletic body lines. The pronounced front grille, the protective cladding around the bumpers and wheel arches are energized by Opel's typical "blade" on the bodyside that sweeps upwards to the rear. The Mokka's sporty and muscular build is also re-enforced by its higher ground clearance which also makes it suitable for gravel roads, as well as its tread width of 1,540 mm.

The interior of the new Opel Mokka is also typical for Opel. Sculptural design cues are captured through the Opel brand signature wing-shaped instrument panel and also in the artfully sculpted surfaces in the doors. Characteristic Opel values such as versatility and user-friendly functionality are also visible: from the dual glove box configuration of the instrument panel, the closed storage in the tunnel console to the deep lower pockets in both the front and rear doors. With up to 1,372 liter of loading space and up to 19 storage locations including side pockets at the front that can store 1.5 liter bottles, the functional needs of families have been clearly accounted for.

Thus the Opel Mokka fulfills all the requirements of everyday life and is just as suitable for weekend pursuits. As a sub-compact SUV it is just as at home in urban as in suburban environments. Research has shown that the typical Mokka customer is middle aged and leads a very active lifestyle where leisure activities play a central role in his or her life. That is why the Mokka with its many optional extras and Opel exclusive technologies like the Opel Eye front camera or the FlexFix bicycle carrier is perfect for people who want to balance their busy daily lives with leisure activities. With all these qualities and its groundbreaking SUV appearance, the Opel Mokka is highly appealing for new customers.

Bold SUV appearance with strong Opel design DNA
With the all-new Mokka SUV, Opel's design philosophy of blending "sculptural artistry with German precision" finds a new expression in the sub-compact SUV segment. The Opel Mokka displays a bold attitude in a tight package with sculpted and elegant traits while retaining a sporty edge with well-defined body lines. Overall the SUV has a very solid look and maintains a good muscular stance on the road. These elements are combined with iconic design cues typical for Opel.

Viewed from the front, the Mokka is full of self-confidence without being aggressive. A pronounced and dominant front grille with a neatly tailored trademark chrome bar featuring the Opel lightning logo at its center is framed by a pair of iconic Opel headlamps. They contain the Opel typical wing shaped LED signature of the daytime running lights.

The Opel Mokka's hood has several creases and a power dome-like feature in the center. This is another design cue that adds to the SUV's bold appearance. At the front, the skirting around the bumpers and solid looking fog lamps emphasize the SUV traits of the Mokka. Protective cladding around the bumpers and wheel arches are energized by Opel's typical "blade" light catcher on the body side that sweeps upwards to the rear. The fluid design execution creates flowing and dynamic look. Upper trim levels benefit from chrome window inserts as well as door handles adding an extra upmarket touch.

At the rear, the Mokka has skid plate in polished aluminum finish, displaying its SUV credentials in a stylish way. The rear window with its fluid shape is combined with a spoiler at the end of the roof and distinctly shaped tail lights that have defined edges. All of these elements underscore the sporty and dynamic nature of the Mokka. However, they also help to enhance the aerodynamics of the vehicle. Roof rack panels emphasize the almost coupé-like roofline of the Mokka, adding to its unique appearance. Another outstanding element in its segment is the Opel exclusive FlexFix bike carrier system that is fully integrated and always on board. When not in use it is stored in the rear bumper, so that the Mokka's design can be fully appreciated.

"The Mokka is very different to its competitors: it is small in size but big in attitude," says Lead Design Director Opel Design, Malcolm Ward. "We are proud that we managed to develop a car that is perfectly designed for the urban environment while retaining typical SUV traits."

There is a broad offer of ten exterior paints including solid, metallic and three-coat premium colors. On the solid side, customers can choose from Summit White and Royal Blue. Metallic colors available include Sovereign Silver, Carbon Flash, Borocay Blue, Velvet Red, Satin Steel Grey, Misty Lake and Deep Espresso Brown. Those who wish to opt for a three-coat premium color can do so when they order the Snowflake White exterior color.

Robust wheel design for a bold SUV
The Opel Mokka's strong character is also reinforced by its off-road capability, while its 1540 mm wide tracks reinforce its muscular stance. Its looks are further enhanced by 18" alloy wheels (type 215/55 R 18) which are standard in the Enjoy and Cosmo trim levels. In this size, the wheels make a strong statement and underscore the Mokka's robust appearance. No other manufacturer in the SUV-B segment offers the 18" wheels as standard in upper trim levels. Classic five spoke wheel design that is sporty and has a rugged feel conveys typical SUV values. Nineteen inch wheels will be added to the list of possible options later on.
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Tuesday, April 16, 2013

Nissan e-NV200 Concept, 2012

  • Nissan e-NV200 Concept, 2012

The innovative Nissan e-NV200 Concept, which made it world debut at the 2012 North American Auto Show in Detroit, serves as more evidence of Nissan's leadership position in the zero-emission automotive industry. Based on the popular Nissan NV200 multi-usage vehicle, the Nissan e-NV200 Concept previews a near-future production version of a full electric vehicle designed to provide businesses or families with flexible, roomy interior space, while achieving a dramatic CO2 footprint reduction.

"With its 'no gas, no tailpipe, no emissions' powertrain, the Nissan e-NV200 Concept combines a quiet, comfortable driving experience with a large, highly versatile, functional interior space within a compact overall body length," said Hideto Murakami, corporate vice president, Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. "A potential game changing vehicle in its segment, the battery capacity will support a driving range similar to the Nissan LEAF, while payload and cargo space will offer the same level as the current NV200. The production version would be targeted mainly at businesses, but also at private users or families in major regions."

As a potential mass production vehicle, Nissan e-NV200 Concept would also provide a reduction in operating costs compared to current internal combustion engine vehicles.

NV200 Functionality, Nissan EV Identity
The Nissan e-NV200 Concept exterior starts with a foundation of a production Nissan NV200, then adds strong visual cues from the breakthrough Nissan LEAF EV. The versatile and highly acclaimed NV200 light commercial vehicle won the 2010 International Van of the Year award for Nissan, as well as the 2011 Universal Design Award from Universal Design GMbH, an organization dedicated to promoting the convergence of design and the emerging importance of customer needs. On top of those, it received the CDV of the 2010 Year award in China, while also establishing its presence in Japan as segment leader with a wide-ranging lineup that includes a taxi version.

The Nissan e-NV200 Concept's EV-style identity starts with its front "face." The wide hood is accented by a large central charging port door, the blue-accented Nissan badge, and sweeping headlights with LED illuminated accents. The exterior is highlighted by the interaction of the strong main character lines and its broad body surfaces. Large front windows and long rear greenhouse combine with a pair of large glass roof panels to create an airy, open interior environment. The exterior is painted in a customized color, following the concept of the Nissan LEAF's Aqua Blue, which expresses a sense of environmental friendliness.

Inside, the Nissan e-NV200 Concept interior depicts a clean, modern Nissan EV identity through use of the EV meters, blue colored accents and bright interior color palette, while also retaining the NV200's strong functional feeling. The Nissan e-NV200 Concept interior also features advanced telematics and a flat C-cluster display that resembles and responds to user input like a tablet computer.

Zero Emission Drivetrain
The Nissan e-NV200 Concept shares its major drivetrain components with the innovative Nissan LEAF.

Silent, zero emission power is supplied is by a lithium-ion battery composed of 48 compact modules and a high-response 80kW AC synchronous motor that generates 207 lb-ft (280 N-m/rpm) of torque. Unlike a conventional internal combustion engine, the motor delivers 100% of its torque from start with immediate response bringing excellent acceleration and smooth, comfortable driving feel.

And, like the Nissan LEAF, the Nissan e-NV200 Concept offers a highly responsive, fun-to-drive experience that is in keeping with what consumers have come to expect from traditional, gasoline-powered vehicles. In line with the Nissan LEAF, the Nissan e-NV200 Concept offers excellent projected fuel economy - a critical factor for commercial vehicle operators.

Real World Testing Underway
In addition to the global debut of the Nissan e-NV200 Concept, evaluations of prototype NV200-based electric vehicles are currently being conducted to provide real-world feedback from delivery and other companies in various global markets. The initial trial was conducted in summer 2011 by the Japan Post Service, which used a single prototype for delivery and collection duties in Yokohama, Japan. Additional testing began in London last month in conjunction with FedEx. Feedback will help Nissan tailor future battery-powered light commercial vehicles to better fulfilll exact customer requirements.

Nissan's New York "Taxi of Tomorrow"
As a true global product, the Nissan NV200 is produced in Japan, Europe and China, and is currently available in 40 countries. Future launches are planned for North America and India. Undoubtedly its most visible role to date will begin in late 2013 when the Nissan NV200 becomes the foundation for New York City's new designated yellow cab, serving an estimated 600,000 passengers a day.

Selected over other global manufacturers for its combination of compact exterior and maximum interior space in a multi-year "Taxi of Tomorrow" competition, the all-new Nissan NV200 Taxi design reflects the input of hundreds of taxi owners and drivers, and thousands of passengers who shared their ideas and priorities with Nissan designers and engineers.

Interior features planned for the Nissan NV200 Taxi include a spacious cargo area to accommodate luggage for four passengers, sliding doors with entry step and grab handles for easy entry and exit, passenger-controlled rear-seat heat/air conditioning with a Grape Polyphenol filter to improve cabin air quality, enhanced interior materials intended to help passenger cabin smell fresher, and breathable, anti-microbial, easy-to-clean and environmentally friendly seat upholstery.
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